5G telecommunications services are slated to roll out in selected cities in India in 2022. Cities scheduled to receive 5G telecommunications services in 2022 include Gurugram, Bengaluru, Kolkata, Mumbai, Chandigarh, Delhi, Jamnagar, Ahmedabad, Chennai, Hyderabad, Lucknow, Pune, and Gandhinagar.
The leading telecommunications providers Bharti Airtel, Reliance Jio and Vodafone Idea have set up 5G test sites in these cities. “These metros and large cities would be the first places for the introduction of 5G services in the country next year,” said the Ministry of Telecommunications (DoT) on Monday.
5G is the latest upgrade in long-term evolution (LTE) mobile broadband networks. While 4G was a huge leap forward, allowing people to stream music and videos on the go, 5G was designed to connect many more types of devices than smartphones, and offers far greater speed and capacity.
In addition to the leading telecommunications providers and smartphone manufacturers, the government is also actively involved in the introduction of 5G services. The Department of Telecom has involved leading research institutes for the development and testing of 5G technology.
Eight agencies – Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Bombay, IIT Delhi, IIT Hyderabad, IIT Madras, IIT Kanpur, Indian Institute of Science (IISC) Bengaluru, Society for Applied Microwave Electronics Engineering & Research (SAMEER) and Center of Excellence in Wireless Technology (CEWiT) – are involved in the research project “Indigenous 5G Testbed Project”.
The Indigenous 5G Testbed project started in 2018 and is expected to be completed by December 31, 2021. The project was funded by the Department of Telecom. The department spent Rs224 crore on this project.
“The project costs 224 billion rupees and is expected to be completed by December 31, 2021, paving the way for end-to-end testing of 5G user devices (UEs) and network devices by 5G stakeholders who are interested in 5G products / – Develop services / use cases. ” including domestic startups, SMEs, universities and industry in the country, “said the Telecommunications Ministry.
The indigenous 5G testbed, a visionary technology development project initiated in the telecommunications space, will enable the development, testing and dissemination of 5G technology system components, cross-sector use cases and at the same time create the basis for the development of the “6G technology landscape” in the country, she added added.
Earlier this month, Telecommunications Minister K Rajaraman expressed hope that the 5G test bed would be rolled out in early January. “We hope to launch this 5G test environment in early January, which will enable SMBs and other industries to test their solution on a working platform,” said Rajaraman at the India Mobile Congress on December 9th.
Testbed refers to the creation of a specific environment for testing the products or services. It includes hardware, software, operating system and network configuration.
With the tests in the final stages, the allocation of the spectrum would be crucial in deciding the fate of the commercial roll-out of 5G in the country. The Telecommunications Ministry has allocated frequencies for 5G tests to Bharti Airtel, Reliance Jio, Vodafone Idea and MTNL. Ericsson, Nokia, Samsung and Mavenir also took part in the processes.
In September 2021, the Department of Telecom (DoT) sent a notice to the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) requesting recommendations for auctioning frequencies identified for International Mobile Telecommunications (IMT) / 5G in relation to a minimum price, band plan, block size, amount of the spectrum to be auctioned and auction conditions in 526-698 MHz, 700 MHz, 800 MHz, 900 MHz, 1800 MHz, 2100 MHz, 2300 MHz, 2500 MHz, 3300-3670 MHz and 24 , 25 -28.5 GHz bands for public 5G and private 5G networks in order to cover the frequency requirements of in-house 5G industrial applications (Industry 4.0).
“The process of assigning frequencies to TSPs would be initiated as early as possible,” said DoT.
5G works mainly in 3 bands, low, medium and high frequency spectrum. In the low-band spectrum, the speed is limited to 100 Mbit / s. The mid-band spectrum, on the other hand, offers higher speeds than the low-band, but has limitations in terms of coverage area and signal penetration. The Internet speed in the high-band spectrum is up to 20 Gbit / s. The highest internet speed on 4G was measured at 1 Gbit / s.
While 4G networks are mainly designed for telephones, 5G networks are designed for much more flexible use and replace the need for many special networks. You can even run so many separate networks – all at the same time.